Scale Development in Tourism and Leisure Research: New Approaches, Theoretical and Methodological Issues

Journal of Business Research


Key Deadlines

Submissions Open: 31 August 2020

Submission Deadline: 15 Oct 2020

Final Acceptance Deadline: May 2021


Inquiries, including questions about appropriate topics, should be sent electronically to the guest editors:


Professor Sameer Hosany (Royal Holloway University of London, UK, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Professor Babak Taheri (Heriot-Watt University, UK, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Professor Albert G Assaf (University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

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Scale development practices have progressed over the past few decades, with new scales mainly following established theoretical and methodological guidelines (e.g., Churchill, 1979; De Vellis, 2017; Gerbing & Anderson, 1988; Netemeyer et al., 2003). Yet, limitations in application of start of the art practices (e.g., important steps being omitted) can still be identified in leisure and tourism studies (Hosany, Prayag, Deesilatham, Causevic, & Odeh 2015; Kock, Josiassen, & Assaf, 2019; Taheri et al., 2018) and in other disciplines such as sales and marketing (Hall and Lee, 2019), leadership studies (Crawford & Kelder, 2019), and behavioural sciences (MacKenzie, Podsakoff & Podsakoff, 2011). At the same time, the emergence of new methods and software offer opportunities to develop and employ new approaches. This special issue seeks contributions addressing theoretical and methodological issues as well as new approaches to scale development in tourism and leisure research.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:


  • Justifying domain and theoretical definition of a scale
  • Item generation using deductive, inductive or hybrid approaches
  • Comparison of different approaches to scale development e.g., Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) versus Confirmatory Composite Analysis (CCA)
  • Application of invariance tests
  • Criterion-keyed scale development
  • Single item versus. multiple items scales
  • Multidimensional versus monodimensional scales
  • Further validation e.g., test-retest reliability and replication study
  • Social desirability and common method bias
  • Formative, reflective and higher-order scales
  • Sampling design and data collection procedures in scale development
  • Validity and reliability issues
  • Best practices for developing and validating scales
  • Issues in cross-cultural scale development
  • Conceptual issues around measurement
  • Procedure to shorten existing scales
  • Use of mixed methods to develop new scales


Submission and Review Process

The submission deadline is 15 Oct 2020. All papers will be screened by the guest editors (and desk rejected if not deemed suitable) before being sent to at least two reviewers. Manuscripts must apply the general author guidelines such as style and paper length of the Journal of Business Research to be found here. All papers must go through the journal’s online submission portal. Authors should select ‘SI: Scale Development in Tourism’ option when submitting their manuscript.





Scale development in tourism and leisure research: New approaches, theoretical and methodological issues in Journal of Business Research; Editors: Sameer Hosany, Babak Taheri, & Albert G Assaf; Submission open: 31st August 2020